Activities and Achievement:-

 

1        Analysis of Fertiliser Samples : The annual analyzing capacity of Institute is 8500 samples which includes 4000 for Institute and 1500 for each of Regional Laboratories . The main source of samples receipt are imported fertilizer samples drawn by the Inspectors of Institute/RFCLs (85%), State Governments (8.0%) and few samples from Central Teams and Miscellaneous samples. During 2020-21, total 5141 samples were analyzed, out of which 13.98% samples were found non-standard. The capacity utilization is 60.48 %.

 

 

2        Samples drawn by Central Teams :-        The Central Teams consisting of 2 technical officers including one notified Fertilizer Inspector randomly visit different States alongwith State Govt. officers during peak kharif and rabi season to inspect manufacturers’ and their dealers network for sampling. The samples are analyzed at Institute/RFCLs on reciprocal and random basis and reports sent to respective states for taking further follow up action. The larger number of non-standard samples are because of drawing only suspected and adulteration prone fertilizers. During 2020-21, samples could not collected by the Central Team from the field due to COVID-19. However, the Ministry assigned a special task to check the quality of SSP fertiliser is being manufactured and marketed in the field wherein, total 1186 samples were drawn by the State Fertiliser Inspectors from West Bengal, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttrakhand and Madhya Pradesh, out of which 38.95% samples were found non standard.



3        Inspection of Imported Fertilisers:-

Th The inspection of canalized fertilizer i.e. Urea is primarily done by the Inspectors of CFQC & TI/RFCLs, who regularly visit the discharge ports on receipt of information from Department of Fertilizers (DOF) and draw samples. The samples are analyzed as per contractual provisions and report sent to the DOF and handling Agency for further necessary action at their end. For decanalized fertiliser like DAP and MOP besides the Central Inspectors, the State Inspectors also draw samples from the discharge ports for analysis in the respective laboratories for quality testing. The Central Institute/RFCLs send their report to the concerned State Director of Agriculture and also to DOF and Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC) for further necessary action at their end on the non standard samples. To ensure 100% coverage of all ships at discharge ports, provision has been made under clause 35(4) of FCO, which makes it mandatory for every importer to inform about the arrival of ships to State Govts. and also to D/O Fertilizers and the Institute/RFCLs. The RFCLs located at Navi Mumbai, Chennai and Kalyani take care of the states/ports located in the west, south and east zone respectively while the Inspectors of the Institute cover only Gujarat ports. During 2020-21, total 1096 ships/containers were covered, out of which only 6 ships/containers were found non standard. The number of ships/ Containers inspected and found non standard during 2020-21 are as under:

Fertiliser

2020-21

 

No. of Ships/containers Inspected

Non Std.

Parameter in which failed

Urea/ Amm. Sulphate

216

1

Particle size

DAP

141

0

-

MOP/SOP

434

12

10 in nutrients and 2 in particle size

NPK (C)

139

16

1 12 in nutrients and 4 in particle size

NPK 100% WS

1881

122

122 in nutrient content

Sulphur

31

02

02 in nutrient content

MNF

12

04

04 in nutrient content

Others

1020

27

27 in nutrient content

Total

3840

181


 

4.    Training Activities 

The Institute and its Regional Laboratories are regularly organizing training programmes on Fertilizer Quality Control for the Fertilizer Analysts/Fertilizer Inspectors/Notified Authorities and Fertilizer Dealers. The Institute organizes 3 Refresher Training Courses of 4 weeks duration for Fertilizer Analysts, 2 Courses of 2 weeks duration for Fertilizer Inspectors, one course of 1 week duration for Notified Authorities and one training course of 5 weeks duration for Foreign Participants under Bilateral Technical Cooperation Programmes of Ministry of External Affairs every year. Each of the 3 RFCLs organizes 2 training programmes for Fertilizer Inspectors and one training programme for Notified Authorities. In addition, The Institute and its Regional laboratories collectively organize 10 Orientation Training Programmes of 2 days duration and 15 Dealers Training Programmes of 1 day duration in various states every year.

The schedule of the training programmes and number of seats allotted to various states are circulated among all the concerned states in the start of financial year.

During 2020-21, training programme could not conducted due to COVID 19 and nation-wide lock down. Two training programmes conducted through Webinar (VC) wherein 110 officers participated.

year.



5.    Achievements of C.F.Q.C.&T.I. and Regional Laboratories during last Five Years :- 



 

Status of Fertilizer Quality Control in the Country:

The Fertiliser Control Order (FCO), 1985 promulgated under Section 3 of Essential Commodities Act, 1955, regulates trade, price, quality and distribution of fertilizers in the country to ensure adequate availability of fertilizers of standard quality to farmers. In addition to chemical fertilisers, bio-fertilisers, organic fertilizers, Non edible de-oiled caked, Nano fertiliser and Bio-stimulants fertilizers have also been brought under the purview of FCO.

The enforcement of FCO has primarily been entrusted to State Governments. the Central Government assists them through training and technical guidance. Presently there are 74 laboratories in the country (including 4 Central Government Laboratories) with a total annual analyzing capacity of 1.30 lakh samples. the analytical capacity and the number of samples analysed and and found ‘non-standard’ during last 5 years are given below:

Year

No. of Labs.

Annual analytical capacity

No. of samples analysed

% Non standard samples

% Capacity Utilisation

2016-17

82

165860

   136359

5.1

82.21

2017-18

82

179200

138602

5.1

77.34

2018-19

82

183100

139860

5.1

76.38

2019-20

83

187950

145194

5.1

77.25

2020-21

83

190100

159527

5.4

83.91

 

(I)                State-wise samples Analyzed and Found Non standard during 2020-21 is as under:-