Activities and Achievement:-

 

1        Analysis of Fertiliser Samples : The annual analyzing capacity of Institute is 8500 samples which includes 4000 for Institute and 1500 for each of Regional Laboratories . The main source of samples receipt are imported fertilizer samples drawn by the Inspectors of Institute/RFCLs (85%), State Governments (9.0%) and few samples from Central Teams and Miscellaneous samples.   During 2012-13, total 9233 samples were analyzed, out of which 3.7% samples were found non-standard.  The capacity utilization is 108.6 %, which is due to arrival of more imported ships of fertilizers.  The source wise details of samples received, analyzed and  found non standard at CFQC&TI/RFCLs during 2012-13 are as under:-

 

Sl.

No

Source of Samples

2012-13

 

 

Analyzed

Non-Std

% N.S.

1

Imported Fertilizers

7893

9

0.11

2

State Govt.

838

109

13.00

3.

Referee samples

401

180

44.89

4

Central Team

83

41

49.40

5

Misc.

18

5

27.78

 

Total

9233

344

3.73

 

2        Samples drawn by Central Teams :-        The Central Teams consisting of 2 technical officers including one notified Fertilizer Inspector randomly visit different States alongwith State Govt. officers during peak kharif and rabi season to inspect manufacturers’ and their dealers network for sampling. The samples are analyzed at Institute/RFCLs on reciprocal and random basis and reports sent to respective states for taking further follow up action. About 30 to 50% samples drawn by Central Inspectors have been found to be non standard against average 5% samples in States.  The larger number of non-standard samples are because of drawing only suspected and adulteration prone fertilizers.  During 2012-13,  total 83 samples were drawn from West Bengal, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttrakhand and Madhya Pradesh, out of which 49.4% samples were found non standard.  

Year

NO. OF SAMPLES

 

COLLECTED

NON STANDARD

% NON STANDARD

 

Manu-
facturer

Dealer

Total

Manu-
facturer

Dealer

Total

Manu-
facturer

Dealer

Total

2006-07

30

57

87

19

32

51

63.33

56.11

58.62

2007-08

6

36

42

4

14

18

31.25

40.45

42.85

2008-09

22

36

58

5

11

16

22.72

30.55

27.58

2009-10

11

71

82

6

30

36

54.55

42.25

43.90

2010-11

14

50

64

8

29

37

57.5

58.0

57.81

2011-12

49

66

115

13

21

34

26.53

31.82

29.56

2012-13

14

69

83

5

36

41

35.71

52.17

49.40

2.1     The product-wise details of non standard samples drawn by Central Teams during   2012-13 are as under:-

S.No.

Name of  Product

2012-13

 

 

No. of Samples

%

 

 

Analysed

Non Std.

Non Std.

1

DAP

7

0

0.0

2

SSP/ TSP

12

5

41.7

3

NPK Complex

11

4

36.4

4

NPK mixture

14

10

71.4

5

MNF

35

21

60.0

6

100% W.S. Complex

3

1

33.3

7

Sulphur

1

0

0.0

TOTAL

83

41

49.4

2.2     The product wise analysis indicates that 71.4% NPK mixtures, 60% Micronutrient fertilizers/MNF mixtures  41.7%  SSP, 36.4% NPK Complex & 33.3% Water Soluble Complex Fertilizers were found Non standard during 2012-13.


3        Inspection of Imported Fertilisers:-

The inspection of canalized fertilizer i.e. Urea is primarily done by the Inspectors of CFQC & TI/RFCLs, who regularly visit the discharge ports on receipt of information from Department of Fertilizers (DOF) and draw samples.  The samples are analyzed as per contractual provisions and report sent to the DOF and handling Agency for further necessary action at their end.  For decanalized items like DAP and MOP besides the Central Inspectors, the State Inspectors also draw samples from the discharge ports for analysis in the respective laboratories for quality testing.  the Central Institute/RFCLs send their report to the concerned State Director of Agriculture and also to DOF and Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC) for further necessary action at their end on the non standard samples. 

To ensure 100% coverage of all ships at discharge ports, provision has been made under clause 35(4) of FCO, which makes it mandatory for every importer to inform about the arrival of ships to State Govts. and also to D/O Fertilizers and the Institute/RFCLs.  The RFCLs located at Navi Mumbai, Chennai and Kalyani take care of the states/ports located in the west, south and east zone respectively while the Inspectors of the Institute cover only Gujarat ports.

          During 2012-13, total  1096  ships/containers were covered, out of which only 6 ships/containers were found non standard. The number of ships/ Containers inspected and found non standard during 2012-13 are as under: 

Fertiliser

2012-13

 

No. of Ships/containers Inspected

Non Std.

Parameter in which failed

Urea/ Amm. Sulphate

191

0

-

DAP

133

1

1 in nutrient content

MOP/SOP

204

1

1 in particle size

NPK (C)

12

1

1 in nutrient content

NPK 100% WS

453

3

3 in nutrient content

Sulphur

30

-

-

MNF

69

0

Others

4

0

-

Total

1096

6

1 in particle size and 5 in nutrient content

 

4.    Training Activities 

       The Institute and its Regional Laboratories are regularly organizing training programmes on Fertilizer Quality Control for the Fertilizer Analysts/Fertilizer Inspectors/Notified Authorities  and Fertilizer Dealers.  The Institute organizes 3 Refresher Training Courses  of 4 weeks duration for Fertilizer Analysts, 2 Courses  of 2 weeks duration for Fertilizer Inspectors, one course  of 1 week duration for Notified Authorities and one training course of 5 weeks duration for Foreign Participants under Bilateral Technical Cooperation Programmes of Ministry of External Affairs every year.  Each of the 3 RFCLs organizes 2 training programmes for Fertilizer Inspectors and one training programme for Notified Authorities.  In addition, The Institute and its Regional laboratories collectively organize 10 Orientation Training Programmes of 2 days duration and 15 Dealers Training Programmes of 1 day duration in various states every year.

          The schedule of the training programmes and number of seats allotted to various states are circulated among all the concerned states in the start of financial year.

          During 2012-13, the Institute and its Regional Laboratories organized 3 courses for Fertilizer Analysts, 8 courses for Fertilizer Inspectors including one course for Fertilizer Inspectors of North East States, 4 courses for Notified Authorities and one course for foreign nationals  in which 51 Analysts, 88 Inspectors, 59 Notified Authorities and 17 Foreign Nationals participated.  In addition, 10 Orientation courses were organized in states in which 500 Inspectors participated.  Further, 15 dealers training programmes were also organized in which 1125 dealers were trained.



5.         ACHIEVEMENTS OF C.F.Q.C.&T.I. AND REGIONAL LABORATORIES DURING LAST SIX YEARS 

Year

Fertilizer Samples

No. of Courses Organi-zed

Persons Trained

Dealers Training

Orientation Courses

Expendi-ture

( Rs.in Lakhs)

No.

of Ships

 

Non-Std

 

Analyzed

Non Std

 

Analysts

Inspec-tors

Foreign trainees

Total

Programme Organized

Dealers

Trained

Organi-zed

Person Train-ed

2007-08

17673

320

17

69

146

09

224

32

3065

25

1257

276.04

1149

8

2008-09

11667

338

17

67

140

15

222

32

2641

30

1463

350.50

1019

12

2009-10

10832

405

16

58

153

16

227

15

1276

10

  514

430.53

1008

2

2010-11

10769

378

16

43

155

14

212

15

  974

10

  482

392.64

1254

4

2011-12

11909

378

16

53

141

17

211

15

1334

10

  503

373.69

1367

7

2012-13

9233

344

16

51

147

17

215

15

1125

10

500

430.05

1096

6

 

 


 

Status of Fertilizer Quality Control in the Country:

         The Fertiliser Control Order (FCO), 1985 promulgated under Section 3 of Essential Commodities Act, 1955, regulates trade, price, quality and distribution of fertilizers in the country to ensure adequate availability of fertilizers of standard quality to farmers.  In addition to chemical fertilisers, bio-fertilisers, organic fertilizers and Non edible de-oiled caked fertilizers have also been brought under the purview of FCO.

 

The enforcement of FCO has primarily been entrusted to State Governments.  the Central Government assists them through training and technical guidance.  Presently there are 74 laboratories in the country (including 4 Central Government Laboratories) with a total annual analyzing capacity of 1.30 lakh samples.  the analytical capacity and the number of samples analysed and and found ‘non-standard’ during last 5 years are given below:

 

Year

No. of Labs.

Annual analytical capacity

No. of samples analysed

% Non standard samples

% Capacity Utilisation

2007-08

68

1,29,331

   95,866

6.2

74.1

2008-09

71

1,32,965

1,04,498

5.5

78.6

2009-10

74

1,30,635

1,18,312

5.2

90.6

2010-11

74

1,27,930

1,21,868

5.1

95.3

2011-12

74

1,30,450

1,31,970

4.9

101.2

 the percentage of non standard samples on all India basis is about 4.9 to 6.2 during last 5 years.  However there is large variation from state to state (e.g.14.7% in W.B., 14.6 in M.P., 6.3% in Bihar, 6.2% in U.P., 5.3% in Karnataka during 2011-12  (Annexure-I).

 On all India basis about 16.4% samples of NPK mixtures followed by 9.0% of Micronutrient fertilizers 5.7% of SSP, 4.5 % NPK Complexes, 4.3 % of CAN , 3.2% of DAP, 0.8% of MOP/SOP and 0.6% of Urea/As/Acl were found Non standard during 2011-12 with variation from State to State.The capacity utilization during 2011-12 was 101.2% as against 95.3% during 2010-11.  the capacity utilization of Fertilizer Quality Control Laboratories of 6 states namely; Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttrakhand and  Pondicherry is less than previous year.  the capacity utilization in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, J&K, Punjab and UP was more than 100%.

 

(I)                Samples Analyzed and Found Non standard during 2011-12

 

S.No.

Name of State

No. of Labs.

Annual Analysing Capacity

No. of samples

                     Non Standard

 

 

% Capacity Utilisa-tion

% Samples Non-standard

 

 

 

 

Analysed

Nutrient deficient

Physical parameter &impurities

Total

 

 

1

Assam

1

500

275

7

0

7

55.0

2.5

2

Mizoram

1

250

0

0

0

0

0.0

0.0

3

Jharkhand

1

3385

838

11

0

11

24.8

1.3

4

 Bihar

1

2000

1738

110

0

110

86.9

6.3

5

Odisha

2

3500

2196

54

14

68

62.7

3.1

6

West Bengal

3

4500

2079

306

0

306

46.2

14.7

 

Total East & NER

9

14135

7126

488

14

502

50.4

7.0

7

Gujarat

3

7500

9060

88

18

106

120.8

1.2

8

M.P.

4

5200

4853

668

42

710

93.3

14.6

9

Chhatisgarh

1

2500

2018

158

5

163

80.7

8.1

10

Maharashtra

4

16000

16403

1624

673

2297

102.5

14.0

11

Rajasthan

4

8000

15820

147

50

197

197.8

1.2

 

Total West Zone

16

39200

48154

2685

788

3473

122.8

7.2

12

Haryana

3

5100

4561

50

26

76

89.4

1.7

13

H.P.

2

2000

1707

34

4

38

85.4

2.2

14

J&K

2

1450

1895

62

0

62

130.7

3.3

15

Punjab

2

3000

3018

40

1

41

100.6

1.4

16

U.P.

5

10000

11345

705

0

705

113.5

6.2

17

Uttarakhand

2

800

183

3

0

3

22.9

1.6

 

Total North Zone

16

22350

22709

894

31

925

101.6

4.1

17

A.P.

5

15000

15419

257

4

261

102.8

1.7

18

Karnataka

7

10065

6229

308

21

329

61.9

5.3

19

Kerala

2

3000

2542

109

0

109

84.7

4.3

20

Pondicherry

1

700

484

1

3

4

69.1

0.8

21

Tamil Nadu

14

17500

17398

390

145

535

99.4

3.1

 

Total South Zone

29

46265

42072

1065

173

1238

90.9

2.9

22

Govt. Of India

4

8500

11909

303

75

378

140.1

3.2

 

Total All India

74

130450

131970

5435

1081

6516

101.2

4.9


 

(ii) Productwise details during 2011-12

S.

No.

Name of Fertilizer

No. of Samples

Details of Non Standard Samples

Analyzed

Found Non Sth

Samples failing in

Total

Nutrient Content

Physical Parameter

1

Urea

20313

117

115

2

117

2.

CAN

278

12

12

0

12

3.

DAP/MAP

24204

769

716

53

769

4.

NPK Complexes

26171

1190

890

300

1190

5.

SSP/TSP

25572

1461

1235

226

1461

6.

MOP/SOP

11138

88

52

36

88

7.

NPK Mixtures

9654

1584

1200

384

1584

8.

MNF

6433

577

576

1

577

9.

Others

8207

718

639

79

718

 

Total

131970

6516

5435

1081

6516


(iii)       Action Taken in respect of Non Standard fertilizer samples during the year 2011-12

1

No of samples detected Non Standard

6138

2.

No. of cases of other violation of FCO

98

3.

No. of registration Certificate cancelled

1308

4.

No.  of seizure of stocks

2436

5.

No.  of prosecution launched

350

6.

No.  of convictions awarded

93

7.

No. of prosecutions dismissed

28

8.

No. of prosecutions pending in Law Court

1827

9.

No. of cases in which other action taken (give details of action taken)

2566

10.

No. of cases pending for initiating action

641

11.

No. of cases for charging higher price

113