In pursuance of the recommendations of the Fertilizer Distribution Committee (Patel Committee, 1960), Sivaraman Committee (1965) and Estimates Committee of Lok Sabha (1967-68) to provide a lead to the State Quality Control Laboratories and to deal with the matters related to fertilizer quality control, the erstwhile Central Fertiliser Control Laboratory was set up as a sub ordinate office of Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation in the end of 4th Five Year Plan (1971-72) to undertake inspection and analysis of indigenous and imported fertilizers, standardization of methods of analysis and providing technical guidance to the State Govts. on the subject.
The activities of the laboratory were further strengthened during successive Plan periods. Further in view of the increasing importance of fertilizer quality control and thrust on training to State Enforcement Officers, the laboratory was upgraded as an Institute and was renamed as Central Fertilizer Quality Control & Training Institute (CFQC&TI) in 1982-83. During 7th Plan, 3 Regional Laboratories of the Institute were also set up at Mumbai, Kalyani and Chennai, which started functioning from 1988-89 and are called as Regional Fertiliser Control Laboratories (RFCLs). The Institute as well as Regional Laboratories have been notified as Recognized Laboratory under clause 29 of Fertiliser (Control) Order, 1985. The Fertiliser Inspectors of Institute & R.F.C.Ls. have been notified as authorized Fertiliser Inspector under clause 27 of FCO (1985) having jurisdiction throughout the Country. the Institute and RFCLs are also the notified training institutions for training of State Enforcement Officers & Analysts under clause 27 A/29A of the FCO and they are also the Referee Laboratory for second analysis under clause 29 B of FCO, 1985. The functions of the Institute and RFCLs are statutory and techno legal in nature.
(i) Drawal, inspection and analysis of both indigenous and imported fertilizers.
(ii) Training of State Fertilizer Inspectors and Fertilizer Analysts.
(iii) Standardization/Development of methods of analysis of fertilizers.
(iv) Acting as a Referee Laboratory and advisory body on matters related to FCO.
(v) Preparation of technical literature in the field of Fertilizer Quality Control.